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Were the new soviet economic plans successful?

Looking for an answer to the question: Were the new soviet economic plans successful? On this page, we have gathered for you the most accurate and comprehensive information that will fully answer the question: Were the new soviet economic plans successful?

“The Five Year Plans were successful in strengthening the Economy before 1941. ” Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. Though with many flaws Stalin’s five year plans did create a strong industrial base for Russia. Stalin’s aims for strengthening the economy could identify the successes of the five year plans.

Overall, Stalin’s Five Year Plans were undoubtedly successful in increasing the country’s industrial output and making the country more self-sufficient ultimately strengthening the economy.

Aside from the Socialist twist, the New Economic Policy was intended for the Soviet Union to experience a temporary taste of capitalism in order to improve the economy so as to successfully introduce Communism. The New Economic Policy meant restoring capitalism considerably.

The five year plans transformed the primitiveness of the country, creating a massive urban working class and trebling electricity production. As well as strengthening the economy and achieving military strength this expansion gave Russia enough strength to resist and eventually beat the Nazis in 1941.

How did the Soviet Union's command economy work was it successful?

In the soviet unions command economy, government officials made all the basic economic decisions. The central planning in the soviet union was often inefficient. ... Overrall, this system was not successful since it ensured chronic shortages, poor products, and a low standered of living for the soviet people.

Did the New Economic Policy achieve its goals?

In comparative terms, the NEP was a success. It did not solve all of Russia's economic problems, however, nor did not produce immediate results. Russia's agricultural production remained stagnant through 1921, the worst year of the Great Famine, but production began to increase significantly in 1922 and beyond.

What was the impact of the New Economic Policy?

The New Economic Policy reintroduced a measure of stability to the economy and allowed the Soviet people to recover from years of war, civil war, and governmental mismanagement. The small businessmen and managers who flourished in this period became known as NEP men.

Why did the NEP fail?

Why did NEP fail? ... In the first view, NEP was abandoned because it was inconsistent with any further industrial development of a socialist kind, and its abandonment was therefore a rational economic decision.

What are the results of New Economic Policy in 1991?

The New Economic Policy of 1991 included standard structural adjustment measures including the devaluation of the rupee, increase in interest rates, reduction in public investment and expenditure, reduction in public sector food and fertilizer subsidies, increase in imports and foreign investment in capital-intensive ...

Why did the USSR fail economically?

World oil prices collapsed in 1986, putting heavy pressure on the economy. After Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he began a process of economic liberalization by dismantling the command economy and moving towards a mixed economy....Economy of the Soviet Union.StatisticsLabour force152.3 million (3rd) (1989 est.)

Why was NEP successful?

The NEP allowed the return of capitalist behaviours, such as buying and selling for profit and produced the emergence of new kulak and Nepmen classes. 4. In comparative terms, the NEP was a success. It allowed Russia's agricultural production to quickly recover and, by 1925, reach similar levels to before World War I.

Why was the New Economic Policy introduced?

The NEP was introduced in order to aid the recovery of the ruined Soviet economy, and to quell the uproar amongst the urban and rural population. The NEP rolled back total state control of the economy, aiming for the Russian economy to become more independent.

How did the USSR economy work?

The economy of the Soviet Union was based on state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, and industrial manufacturing. ... A major strength of the Soviet economy was its enormous supply of oil and gas, which became much more valuable as exports after the world price of oil skyrocketed in the 1970s.

What did the NEP achieve?

The NEP replaced war communism as the Soviet regime's official economic policy. It ended grain requisitioning, replacing it with a fixed tax to be paid in kind, and allowed private ownership of small businesses, the return of markets and the sale of surplus goods.

How did Stalin improve the Soviet economy?

Stalin launched what would later be referred to as a "revolution from above" to improve the Soviet Union's domestic policy. The policies were centered around rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agriculture. ... The creation of collective farms essentially destroyed the kulaks as a class (dekulakization).

How successful was the New Economic Policy?

The success of the NEP The NEP seemed a success. It returned the economy to pre-1914 levels and gave the Communist Party the breathing space it needed to survive: Production figures show the NEP was success. By Lenin's death in 1924 marked recovery on all major industry.

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Were the new Soviet economic plans successful? In comparative terms, the NEP was a success. It did not solve all of Russia’s economic problems, however, nor did not produce immediate results.

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These plans were successful in the industrial area mainly because of the need for armaments but failed in the other sectors of the economy. During the fifth five year plan Stalin died in the year 1953 but the plan was still carried out which aimed at the production of consumer and civilian machinery after the recovery of World War II.

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Money was reintroduced into the economy in 1922 (it had been abolished under War Communism). The peasantry were allowed to own and cultivate their own land, while paying taxes to the state. The New Economic Policy reintroduced a measure of stability to the economy and allowed the Soviet people to recover from years of war, civil war, and governmental …

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The New Economic Policy was an economic policy of the Soviet Union proposed by Vladimir Lenin in 1921 as a temporary expedient. Lenin characterized the NEP in 1922 as an economic system that would include "a free market and capitalism, both subject to state control," while socialized state enterprises would operate on "a profit basis." The NEP represented a more …

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Success & Failures of Stalin’s Five Year Plans. “The Five Year Plans were successful in strengthening the Economy before 1941. ” Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. Though with many flaws Stalin’s five year plans did create a strong industrial base for Russia. Stalin’s aims for strengthening the economy could identify the successes of the five year plans.

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In conclusion, I believe Stalin’s economic policies were ultimately a pyrrhic victory, in that the achievements made were significant and desirable, notably in terms of industry, but were gained at the severe cost of other aspects of Russia’s economy, for example; agriculture was ignored and ultimately suffered at a colossal scale.

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Many scholars of the Soviet Union would disagree in judging Soviet economic performance a ‘success’ for three reasons: ~1! political repression and the famine mortality following the collectivization of agriculture,~2! negligible growth in con-sumption, and ~3! the failure of the Soviet Union to achieve a western standard of living.

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The Five Year Plan was successful in its goal of increasing the industry of Russia. According to Stalin, the results were impeccable and the plan had no downsides. Stalin stated that because of the Five Year Plan, the Soviet Union had developed a tractor, automobile, machine-tool, chemical, modern agriculture, oil, and electricity industry.

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Stalin’s economic policies had one essential aim—the modernisation of the Soviet economy via two essential methods: collectivisation and industrialisation. Beginning in 1928, much of Russia’s economy (in terms of agriculture and industry) was brought directly under state control. Under Stalin, this was to be total.

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How successful were the Five-Year Plans? There is much that could be and was criticized in the Five-Year Plans. Certainly there was a great deal of inefficiency, duplication of effort and waste, although the evidence shows that the Soviets did learn from their mistakes in the second and third Five-Year Plans.

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Stalin’s economic policies were successful to an extent, especially when looking at the increases in production of heavy industry. However they also failed in several important areas such as agriculture, meaning the overall success was limited. Also, when evaluated in terms of the effects on the people of the Soviet Union, the policies had, in many cases, a disastrous …

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There were many reasons within the Soviet Union for the implementation of the five-year plan that allowed USSR to become a better nation during the first plan. During the second and third war, the Soviet Union seemed to thrive due to the industrialization of the nation, therefore, these plans could be considered successful.

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To what extent were the first three Five Year Plans an economic and political success? To look at the officially published figures, the Five Year Plans were an outstanding economic success. In truth, however, the benefits to the Soviet regime were more political in nature, the economic transformation proving to be something of a mirage.

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From an economic point of view, they were a great success even though the targets given by Stalin were not all achieved. In spite of this there was a noticeable increase in production. The production of coal for example, increased six-fold.

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Stalin’s economic policies consisted mainly of two factors, Collectivisation and the Five Year Plans. Stalin’s economic policies were definitely a success to some extent, especially when referring to the increase in production and number of workers that were free to move to industry due to collectivisation.

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Stuart Morrison

Hi everyone, my name is Stuart Morrison and I am the editor-in-chief and author of the Answeregy website. I am 35 years old and live in Miami, Florida. From an early age I loved to learn new things, constantly reading various encyclopedias and magazines. In 1998 I created my first Web site, where I posted interesting facts which you could rarely learn elsewhere. Then, it led me to work as a content manager for a large online publication. I always wanted to help people while doing something I really enjoyed. That's how I ended up on the team, where I... Read more